Male Circumcision Might Reduce Risk of Female-to-Male HIV Transmission by About 65%, Study Presented at IAS Meeting Says - Medical News

Thursday 28 July 2005 - 6am PSTMale circumcision can reducethe threat of males getting HIV via intercourse with females, baseding on a research study conductedSouth African scientists and provided Tuesday at the . 3rd International AIDS Culture Meeting on HIV Pathogenesis and Therapy in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, BBC News reports (BBC News, 7/26). The randomized, controlled medical trial signed up greater than 3,000 HIV-negative, uncircumcised males ages 18 to 24 living in a South African township (AFP/Yahoo! News, 7/26). Fifty percent of the males were arbitrarily designated to be circumcised, and the various other Fifty percent functioned as a control group, remaining uncircumcised (, 7/26). Bertrand Auvert, who collaborated the study for France's National AIDS Study Company, claimed that after 21 months, 51 of the uncircumcised males had gotten HIV, compared with 18 of the circumcised males. The treatment "prevented six to seven from 10 prospective HIV infections," Auvert claimed (Astor, AP/Long Island Newsday, 7/27).

He included that given that the males in the study recognized themselves as heterosexual, the results can not be generalized to male-to-male or male-to-female transmission (Reuters Health, 7/26).

Reaction
Although revealed "substantial passion" in the study, the Company highlighted that more Study is called for to determine truth effectiveness of circumcision in stopping female-to-male HIV transmission. The results of two NIH-funded researches under means in Kenya and Uganda could shed more light on male circumcision in various social and cultural atmospheres. If circumcision shows to be an effective device to assist suppress the spread of HIV, the treatment still will should belong to an extensive deterrence plan. "Although UNAIDS thinks that it is early to advise male circumcision support services as component of HIV deterrence programs, there is enhanced passion from federal governments and the basic public in male circumcision in a variety of African countries," the Company claimed in a release (UNAIDS launch, 7/26). "While these results are really encouraging, we should place them in a wider context to view the complete advantages of circumcision," Charles Gilks, head of Therapy, deterrence and scale up at the Globe Health Organization HIV/AIDS Programme, claimed.


Gilks claimed he frets that the study could make numerous circumcised males think they can not contract HIV and lead them to engage in sex without a prophylactic. Furthermore, he claimed who is rushing to set guidelines for secure and sanitary circumcision, as numerous males may seek to go through the treatment after hearing of the study results. Gilks likewise claimed he is concerned that traditional menders may attempt to perform circumcisions without the proper training and without teaching males concerning HIV/AIDS deterrence approaches (AP/Long Island Newsday, 7/27).


In partnership with IAS,, which started on Sunday and wraps up on Wednesday., and also meetings with newsmakers, which are offered to download for podcasting. The webcasts and meetings are offered at no expense and without registration. Extra information concerning watching webcasts and registering for a daily update is offered online, and organizations are welcome to associated with's Meeting protection from their Internet site.

Webcasts of Tuesday's sessions are now offered online, consisting of a plenary on deterrence; the oral abstract presentations on sexual transmission, consisting of Auvert's discussion and a press Meeting talking about the results; an online forum on brand-name and common drugs; and a newsmaker meeting with Judy Auerbach, vice president of public plan and program advancement for the American Structure for AIDS Study. Webcasts of Wednesday's sessions will be offered online later on today.
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